South Africa pilot

 

South Africa pilot

This multi-step project to aims at strengthening the evidence base on the use of the World Health Professionals Alliance (WHPA) Health Improvement Card (HIC) by first validating the rating scale and key written messages used in the HIC and second, by assessing the effectiveness and impact of the HIC to trigger behavioral change.

The HIC will serve as a tool to educate patient on positive behaviour and lifestyle changes to avoid or mitigate chronic or noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). It aims to empower individuals to work with their health professional (HP) to establish personal health goals and to track their progress.

Through a graphic rating scale and key written sentences, the HIC will communicate key health information related to NCDs risk factors and advice on how to improve individual lifestyle and health status.

For the first phase, participants will be recruited in three different cities: Cape Town, Johannesburg and Durban. Patients and health professionals will be asked to take part in a one-on-one semi-structured interview to evaluate the graphic rating scale and key written sentences and to evaluate the overall comprehensibility of the HIC. In the second phase, health professionals and their patients will be recruited at two health clinics from the Western Cape (WC), South Africa, to assess any lifestyle changes following the use of the HIC and to assess if patients are able to use the HIC to manage their noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) risk factors and make positive behavioral changes.

The patients will first complete the HIC with their health professionals and take part in a short one-on-one structured interview with a research assistant to assess their experience with the HIC and their current stage of behavioral change. At a follow-up visit, patients will once again complete the HIC with their health professionals and take part in a second follow-up interview.

Finally, a questionnaire will be sent to health professionals to assess the usefulness and practicality of the HIC in communicating with their patients about noncommunicable diseases.